Proofreading is about making sense of your written material and improving its presentation. It involves a comprehensive sweep for errors, including formatting problems, spelling, grammar, punctuation and inconsistencies.
Proofreading is working on text in the final layout. For example:
- Undergraduate assignments
- Masters and PhD theses
- Academic documents
- Annual reports
- Funding proposals
It is important that your voice emerges from your written material. Copy-editing involves a detailed look for problems with language or writing style and the structure or organisation of your work. It helps your writing achieve what you want it to achieve.
Copy-editing is working on raw or draft text. For example:
- Website content
- Advertising or marketing copy
- Journal articles
- Press releases
- Prospectuses and brochures
Fiction editing is a collaboration between author and editor and requires an understanding about what is involved and what the author wants. It enables your writing to sparkle.
Editing fiction can be considered as ultra-critical reading. For example:
- What happens in the story, and how and why
- Is your voice and style directing the storytelling
- How is the point of view presented to the reader
- Is the dialogue realistic
- Is the writing clear, concise and consistent